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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。(民96)。企業訓練專業人員工作知能手冊。行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局,台北市。
  2. 何勇智(民97)。教師教學溝通技巧對學生學習情況的影響。國立台灣師範大學物理學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 邱憶惠(民88)。個案研究:質化取向。國立高雄師範大學教育系教育研究,第七期,頁113-127。
  4. 吳瓊治(民92)。ISO驗證對提升教育訓練效益之探討。品質月刊,第三十九卷第七期,頁59-63。
  5. 胡光夏(民91)西方速食連鎖店在台發展歷程與影響之研究:以麥當勞在台發展為例。傳播與管理研究。第一卷第二期,239-253。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳重年(2015)。肌內效貼紮與睡眠者牽拉對於盂肱關節內轉角度缺損之棒球選手肩關節活動度、肌肉力量、與本體感覺之影響。中山醫學大學物理治療學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-99。 
  2. 龔泰源(2013)。不同熱身運動方式對高中划船選手測功儀划船表現之影響。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-50。 
  3. 宗貞伶(2017)。早餐之顧客價值階層之研究:方法目的鏈與KANO模式之應用。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2017。1-74。
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