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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁如真(2002)。以健康信念模式分析醫院護理人員下背痛預防行為之研究。國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 王如娥、劉立、何善台(2003)。建構策略聯盟醫院主管資訊系統主要績效指標之研究。醫務管理期刊,4(3),39-52。
  3. 王懿琨(2004)。精神科護理人員因應策略與自覺職業危害之研究。中山醫學大學醫學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  4. 呂忠佑、劉智仰、陳鵬升(2009)。急性下背痛的診斷與治療。家庭醫學與基層醫療,24(4),120-125。
  5. 李連輝、呂怡靜、嚴明芳、陳秀熙、謝麗貞(2000)。中文版下背痛標準結果測量之一致性及先期隨機臨床試驗。物理治療,31(4),237-245。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳慧(2009)。長跑運動俱樂部會員參與動機和社會支持之關係研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2009。1-129。 
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