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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王元聖(2006)。大專院校跆拳道教練領導行為與甲組跆拳道選手滿意度關係。淡江體育,9,51-59。
  2. 王宏義、詹宏文、葉雅正(2009)。我國大專足球選手運動參與動機之研究。海峽兩岸體育研究學報,3(2),31-41。
  3. 王明月(2003)。大專院校桌球選手目標取向、教練領導行為及滿意度之相關研究。鑫健有限公司出版,臺中市。
  4. 王俊明、陳其昌(2006)。大專院校教練效能及領導行為對運動員運動動機及運動態度的影響。台灣運動心理學報,9,1-18。
  5. 王俊盛、邱文信(2010)。以運動生物力學角度探討競速直排輪技術。臺灣體育論壇,85-92。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖敏竣(2017)。我國優秀選手參與不同訓練場所滿意度比較研究。長榮大學運動競技學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-76。
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