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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王惠直(2003).台北縣國民小學護理人員電腦素養及其相關因素研究.未發表的碩士論文,台北:國立臺灣師範大學。
  2. 王森?陛]2006).台灣醫學中心導入知識管理之個案研究.未發表的碩士論文,桃園:元智大學。
  3. 王詠宣(2002).台灣藝術大學行政人員網路素養現況探討.藝術學報,71,163-178。
  4. 江蔚文、陳偉、陳玉枝(2003).技職教育中應培育的護理資訊能力.技術及職業教育,77,35-37。
  5. 吳美美(2004).資訊素養與媒體素養--數位時代的素養與素養教育.臺灣教育,629,9-14。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王逸帆(2012)。慢性疾病照護作業流程之個案管理資訊系統建置與評估。臺灣大學生醫電子與資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-52。 
  2. 莊智雄(2003)。不同技術水準桌球選手心理技能之比較。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2003。1-59。
  3. 簡欣穎(2012)。臺灣優秀運動選手生命歷程轉換與生涯發展關係之探討。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-153。
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