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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.李佩芬、胡學彥(2002),集合住宅大樓共用設施對住戶使用與不動產價值關係之探討-以高雄市三民區「園冶獎」個案為例,建築與規劃學報,第3卷第1期,頁37-54。
  2. 18.洪幸妙(1992),住宅管理維護對住宅品質之影響研究,國立政治大學地政研究所碩士論文。
  3. 19.洪幸妙、張金鶚(1993),住宅管理維護對住宅品質之影響研究,都市與計劃,第20卷,第1期,頁1-22。
  4. 20.洪子茵、張金鶚(2002),台北市集合住宅管理維護模式之研究,都市與計劃,第29卷,第3期,頁421-444。
  5. 24.陳煌翔(2006),郊區型大學與都市型大學校外學生出租宿舍居住品質與租金水準差異之研究-以長榮大學與成功大學為例,長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊士賢(2009)。國宅社區適用公寓大廈管理條例後管理維護問題之研究-以高雄市為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所學位論文。2009。1-144。 
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