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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] Beneish, M. and E. Press (1995), “Interrelation among events of default,” Working paper.
  2. [3] Black, F. and M. Scholes (1973), “The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities,” Journal of Political Economy, 81, 637-659.
  3. [4] Black, F. and J. C. Cox (1976), “Valuing Corporate Securities: Some Effects of Bond Indenture Provisions,” Journal of Finance, 31, 351-367.
  4. [5] Brennan, M. and E. Schwartz (1978), “Corporate Income Taxes, Valuation, and the Problem of Optimal Capital Structure,” Journal of Business, 51,103-114.
  5. [6] Chiang, W. C. et al. (1996), “A Neural Network Approach to Mutual Fund Net Asset Value Forecasting,” Omega, 24, 205-215.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李昂軒(2008)。中小企業信用評等暨違約風險模型之評估。政治大學統計研究所學位論文。2008。1-80。
  2. 羅浩禎(2008)。應用資料採礦技術建置中小企業傳統產業之信用評等系統。政治大學統計研究所學位論文。2008。1-107。
  3. 楊曜華(2010)。信用風險評等模型之建構研究—以個案銀行「有財簽非公開發行公司」之授信戶為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-129。
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