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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.周延鵬,一堂課2000億 非常競爭優勢-智慧財產權之戰略與戰術,商訊文化事業股份有限公司,2006年12月一版。
    2. 6.陳郁婷、周延鵬、王承守、鄧穎懋,跨國專利侵權訴訟之管理,元照出版有限公司,2008年九月二版。
    3. 16.謝銘洋,智慧財產權與公平交易法之關係- 以專利權為中心,收錄於智慧財產權之基礎理論,2004年四版。
    4. 17.謝銘洋,契約自由原則在智慧財產權授權契約中之運用及其限制,收錄於智慧財產權之基礎理論,2004年四版。
    5. 5.柯意玫,日本與台灣TFT LCD產業競爭優勢與國際策略聯盟之研究,淡江大學日本研究所碩士論文,民國93年。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李文賢(2013)。國際專利申請策略分析:以智慧型手機為例。臺灣大學商學組學位論文。2013。1-90。 
    2. 莊馥嘉(2010)。生技製藥廠商就其疫苗產品的專利保護及攻防策略之研究。國立臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-182。
    3. 鍾俊魁(2011)。高科技公司專利策略佈局與運用之研究。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2011。1-100。
    4. 彭國樑(2015)。專利審核、專利委外與專利獎勵機制對公司專利產出影響之研究-以Android手機製造廠商為例。中正大學會計資訊與法律數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-80。
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