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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]R. W. Keyes, Science 195, 1230 (1977)
  2. [4]M. D. Pashley and K. W. Haberern, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2697 (1991).
  3. [7]V. Heine, Phys. Rev. 138, 1689 (1965).
  4. [8]J. Tersoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 465 (1984).
  5. [9]H. Hasegawa and H. Ohno, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 4, 1130 (1986).
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李慧玲(2008)。國小教師運用網路之教學知識分享行為與教學創新之個案研究。臺東大學教育學系教育研究碩士班學位論文。2008。1-176。 
  2. 蕭若蘭(2010)。以脈絡地圖法探討嬰兒健康照護學習平台之開發與研究。臺中科技大學多媒體設計系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-84。 
  3. 黃學堂(2006)。不同學習風格對高職生數位學習成效影響之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-185。
  4. 范欣蘋(2009)。性別平等教育的憲法建構與檢討-以性別平等教育法在國民中小學的實踐為例。成功大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-149。
  5. 杜明仁(2009)。系統開發過程中團隊知識分享行為對系統建置成效之影響--以社會防禦與組織公平為干擾之研究。成功大學經營管理碩士學位學程(AMBA)學位論文。2009。1-74。
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