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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. Tard, C.; Pickett, C. J. Chem. Rev. 2009, 2245-2274.
  2. 10. Darensbourg, M. Y.; Lyon, E. J.; Smee, J. J. Coordin. Chem. Rev. 2000, 533-561.
  3. 13. Ryde, U.; Greco, C.; De Gioia, L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 4512-4513.
  4. 19. Cammack, R., Nature 1999, 397 (6716), 214-215.
  5. 20. Liaw, W. F.; Tsai, W. T.; Gau, H. B.; Lee, C. M.; Chou, S. Y.; Chen, W. Y.; Lee, G. H. Inorg. Chem. 2003, 42, 2783-2788.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡永方(2014)。國小教師課稅政策實施成效評估:以北區六縣市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-248。 
  2. 蘇船利(2011)。臺東縣教師階級意識之研究。臺東大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-124。 
  3. 曾清蘭(2011)。國小教師職場風險與自我效能之研究-以桃園縣為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-143。
  4. 邵聖雄(2013)。國民小學教師課稅認同與組織承諾之研究──以基隆地區國民小學為例。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2013。1-193。
  5. 唐寬恩(2014)。國小教師課稅認知、學校組織氣氛與工作投入之關係-以雲林縣為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-107。
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