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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] H. Li, K. Liang, L.Mei, S. Gu, S. Wang, "Oxidation protection of mild steel by zirconia sol-gel coatings", Mater. Lett., 51 (2001) 320.
  2. [4] C. Piconi, G. Maccauro, "Zirconia as a ceramic biomaterial", Biomater, 20 (1999) 1-25.
  3. [6] J. H. Huang, T. C. Lin, G. P. Yu, "Phase transition and mechanical properties of ZrNxOy thin films on AISI 304 stainless steel", Surf. Coat. Technol., 206 (2011) 107-116.
  4. [9] R.A. Dugdale, “The application of the glow discharge to material processing”, J. Mater. Sci., 1(1966)169.
  5. [10] W. Ensinger, A. Schröer, G.K. Wolf, "A comparison of IBAD-films for wear and corrosion protection with other PVD-coatings", Nucl. Instr. Meth. B. 80/81 (1993) 445-454.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅敏君(2014)。跨越教育的圍籬─公立教師兼行政人員生涯轉換至華德福學校之歷程探究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-191。 
  2. 王炎川(2007)。台灣另類學校家長教育選擇權意識發展之研究--以宜蘭慈心華德福學校為例。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-158。
  3. 羅恩綺(2010)。成為學生生命的領航者—以一位華德福教師為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2010。1-241。
  4. 郭鈺羚(2015)。家長教育選擇權與家長參與之研究 ─以南部一所華德福小學為例。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2015。1-190。
  5. 吳瓊芬(2017)。轉型公辦公營實驗學校辦學現況之探討-以臺南市三所實驗小學為例。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-104。
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