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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 286 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 施宇承、何孟穎、陳婉如等,2012年太陽光電市場與產業技術發展年鑑,財團法人光電科技工業協進會出版,2012年。
  2. 15. 詹文男,太陽光電產業研究圖表總覽,資訊工業策進會產業情報研究所出版,2010年。
  3. 4. 唐郁淳(2014),綠色經濟與永續能源發展的迷思與契機,經濟前瞻雙月刊,第153期,頁86-91。
  4. 11. 蕭慕俊、翁榮南、邱垂昱(2014),從美國頁岩氣試剖析對全球產業的影響,石油季刊,第50卷第3期,頁28。
  5. 13. 莊朝榮(2013),中國-東協自由貿易區對雙邊產業結構之影響,臺灣經濟研究月刊,第36卷第12期,頁79。
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