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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 141 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余明助、陳婉青、洪啟強(2014)。正向心理資本、工作敬業心、服務氣候與服務導向組織公民行為之研究-以電信產業門市人員為例。服務業管理評論,11,頁 25-42。
  2. 余泰魁、王怡舜、惠龍(2003)。網際網路環境中圖書館服務品質量表之建構與實證。大學圖書館,7(1),頁96-118。
  3. 呂春嬌(2008)。大學圖書館中階主管女性領導特質與領導效能之關係及環境脈絡效果。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,台北市。
  4. 汪美伶 (2015)。服務氣候、顧客導向行為與顧客情感承諾關聯性之探討。人力資源管理學報,15(1),頁 27-54。
  5. 汪美伶、鄭雯憶(2007)。組織支持與服務導向組織公民行為-服務氣候之干擾角色。人力資源管理學報,7(4),頁 71-93。
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