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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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  1. Abstract
  2. S100A12 (Calgranuline C) is a small and dimeric protein which belongs to the S100 family. When calcium ions bind to the two EF-hands of S100A12, the protein structure changes and promotes the interaction with its target proteins. RAGE (receptor for advanced glycation end) is one of the target protein for S100A12. By the past research, it showed the binding between these two proteins generated a pro-inflammatory response and activated several signal pathways such as ERK and NF-κB. It is an effective way that preventing the formation of S100A12-RAGE protein complex to inhibit various cancers.
  3. Tranilast, an anti-allergic drug that is usually used as treatment of allergic disorders, was found to have a strong interaction with S100A12 which may be a potential inhibitor. In this study, we discussed the interaction of S100A12 with RAGE and S100A12 with tranilast by their three dimension structure. We utilized several biophysical techniques, including multidimensional NMR spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, HADDOCK and WST-1 assay to characterize the structural information of protein complex.
  4. This study describes structural properties of S100A12-tranilast and S100A12-RAGE complex. It shows that tranilast blocks the binding sites of S100A12- RAGEV. This result can be useful for the development of new drug against various diseases.
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