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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 139 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁予安、楊秀儀(2009),〈告知後同意還是同意後告知?論告知之時間點〉,《醫療品質雜誌》,3卷3期,頁84-87。
    2. 王皇玉(2012),〈醫師的說明義務與說明義務之免除〉,《萬國法律》,186期,頁26 -34。
    3. 吳俊穎、賴惠蓁、陳榮基(2008),〈告知義務的範圍〉,《當代醫學》,419期,頁736 -739。
    4. 吳俊穎、賴惠蓁、陳榮基(2009),〈病理檢查報告的告知義務〉,《當代醫學》,428期,頁437 -441。
    5. 宋佩珊(2008),〈簡介美國反基因歧視法的必要性-從2008 Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act的經驗談起〉,《科技法律透析》,20卷8期,頁2 -8。
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