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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (1) Huang, M. H.; Lin, P.-H. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2012, 22, 14–24.
  2. (2) Yang, P. Nature 2012, 482, 41–42.
  3. (3) Huang, W.-C.; Lyu, L.-M.; Yan, Y.-C.; Huang, M. H. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 1261–1267.
  4. (4) Ho, J.-Y.; Huang, M. H. J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 14159–14164.
  5. (5) Lyu, L.-M.; Wang, W.-C.; Huang, M. H. Chem.–Eur. J. 2010, 16, 14167–14174.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳蓉(2011)。合作學習輔以電子書包在國小四年級國語文學習之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-103。 
  2. 蘇玲慧(2015)。運用電子書包於國民小學數學學習領域之研究。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2015。1-110。 
  3. 林淑婷(2014)。運用平板電腦結合App進行國小六年級資訊教育課程之行動研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-214。
  4. 張維玲(2017)。運用電子書包輔以合作學習對國小五年級學生數學學習成效之影響。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-77。
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