Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] D. Navin-Chandra, “The recovery problem in product design” ,Journal of Engineering Design, Vol. 5, 1994, pp. 65–86.
  2. [4] J. Kennedy, R. C. Eberhart, “Particle swarm optimization” , In Proc.
  3. IEEE Int. Conf. Neural Networks, Piscataway, November 1995, pp. 1942–1948.
  4. [5] J. Kennedy, R. C. Eberhart, “A discrete binary version of the particle swarm algorithm” , In Proc. Of IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Vol. 5, No. 12-15, 1997, pp.4104-4108.
  5. [7] K.-K. Seo, J.-H. Park, and D.-S. Jang, “Optimal disassembly sequence using genetic algorithms considering economic and environmental aspects” , The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 18, No. 5, 2001, pp. 371–380.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭文珍(2008)。醫師對病患簽署DNR之認知與態度。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-96。 
  2. 王錦緣(2012)。臺北市國小高年級學童安寧療護知識與態度之調查研究。國立臺北教育大學生命教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-76。 
  3. 蔡妙娟(2013)。生死教育對經濟弱勢獨居老人死亡態度與預約善終之影響。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2013。1-161。 
  4. 王蘭蓓(2013)。父親臨終靈性開展之詮釋現象學研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-140。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :