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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李大仁,「精練生產、敏捷製造與大量客製化的做法與其對製造績效的影響」,大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文,中華民國九十六年六月。
  2. 吳上能,「論台灣中小企業少量多樣客製化的策略—以 A 公司經營醫療器材為例」,國立中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班碩士論文,中華民國九十六年六月。
  3. 林室宏 ,「以時間基礎的製造與大量客製化的做法對顧客價值的影響─以中小企業為例」,大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文,中華民國九十三年六月
  4. 黃嘉正,「物流中心結合客製化生產模式探討-以品牌資訊通路商為例」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士學位論文,民國 九十三年六月。
  5. 黃宗弘 ,「客製化生產之最佳決策研究」,國立中央大學工業管理研究所碩士論文,中華民國九十五年七月。
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