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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 185 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃師敏枝,〈宋代的功德墳寺〉,原載《食貨月刊》,1986年,新15卷,第9、10期,後收入氏著,《宋代佛教社會經濟史論集》,第7章,頁241-300,臺北市:臺灣學生書局,1989年。
    2. Patricia Ebrey. “The Dynamics of Elite Domination in Sung China,” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol. 48(1989), pp.493-519.
    3. 毛漢光,〈五代之政治延續與政權轉移〉,原載《中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊》,1980年,第51本,第2分,後收入氏著,《中國中古政治史論》,臺北市:聯經出版事業股份有限公司,2004年,頁391-445。
    4. 毛漢光,〈魏博兩百年史論〉,原載《中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊》,1979年,第50本,第2分,後收入氏著,《中國中古政治史論》,頁323-390。
    5. 柳立言,〈北宋吳越錢家婚宦論述〉,《歷史語言研究所集刊》,1994年,第65卷,第4期,頁903-955。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳挺誌(2011)。北宋中後期的文臣統兵:以陝西沿邊五路經略安撫使為例(1038~1100)。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2011。1-168。 
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