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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1.丁志達,「績效管理」,揚智文化事業股份有限公司,2003。
    2. 17.許評錀,「大陸台商信任關係與控制型態之研究」,私立元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,2001。
    3. 18.邱守仁,「以平衡計分卡規劃企業經營績效指標之研究 —以國內某上市電線公司為例」,國立成功大學工業與資訊管理學系專班碩士論文,2005。
    4. 19.周春切,「以平衡計分卡觀點建構資訊電子業績效管理系統之研究」,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,2004。
    5. 22.黃棟樑,「我國電腦網路設備廠商的關鍵成功因素與績效評估制度:以平衡計分卡分析」,私立元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,1999。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李勇儒(2010)。金控法實施後對銀行業經營績效的影響。樹德科技大學金融系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-113。
    2. 王靜怡(2011)。印刷產業經營模式與競爭優勢之研究 ─以台灣、香港與大陸印刷廠商為例。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班學位論文。2011。1-85。
    3. 黃乃徽(2011)。運用平衡計分卡建立低溫倉儲經營績效評量指標之研究。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-50。
    4. 柳育菁(2011)。平衡計分卡實行成效之研究─以中華電信行動通信分公司為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-69。
    5. 詹佳融(2013)。從創新活動觀點探討公私協力對育成中心經營績效影響之研究 —台灣地區育成中心為例—。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-238。
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