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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周延鵬、陳郁婷、王承守、鄧穎懋,跨國專利侵權訴訟之管理,元照出版,2007年。
  2. 黃文儀,專利實務,三民書局,2004年。
  3. 陳聰富、陳忠五、沈冠伶、許士宦,美國懲罰性賠償金判決之承認及執行,學林出版,2004年。
  4. 蔡明誠,專利侵權要件及損害賠償計算,經濟部智慧財產局,2007年。
  5. 謝銘洋,智慧財產權之制度與實務,翰蘆圖書出版,2004年。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佩珊(2012)。智財法院專利民事案件判決可預測性之實證研究。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  2. 陳群顯(2012)。專利侵權損害賠償數額認定方法之建構。交通大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-246。 
  3. 黃耀均(2010)。由因果關係理論分析專利輔助侵害於我國之適用與責任範圍。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-92。
  4. 呂柔慧(2017)。我國專利損害賠償方法暨舉證責任之研究—以美、日、德國法與我國判決實證為中心。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2017。1-152。
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