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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 11 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Avellaneda, M. and Lee, J.-H. (2008) “Statistical Arbitrage in the U.S. Equities Market,”working paper, New York University.
  2. Black, F. and Scholes, M. (1973) “The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities,” Journal Political Economy, 81, 637-654.
  3. Coleman, T.F., Li, Y. and Patron, M. (2003) “Discrete Hedging under Piecewise Linear Risk Minimization,”Journal of Risk , Vol. 5, pp. 39-65.
  4. Frittelli, M. (2000) “The minimal entropy martingale measure and the valuation problem in incomplete markets,” Mathematical Finance, 10, 39-52.
  5. Haynes H. M. Yung, and H. Zhang (2003). “An empirical investigation of the GARCH option pricing model: Hedging performance.” The Journal of Futures Markets, 23, 1191-1207.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴詠薇(2010)。資料探勘應用於台灣外匯市場避險與套利之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-117。 
  2. 劉義美(2011)。以Delta避險策略探討臺灣指數選擇權市場的效率性。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2011。1-90。
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