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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 819 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁曰健編,《治臺必告錄》,臺灣文獻叢刊第17種,臺北︰臺灣銀行,1997。
    2. 朱元璋,《明朝開國文獻》,臺北:臺灣學生書局,1996。
    3. ———,《福建省例》,臺灣文獻叢刊第199種,臺北︰大通書局,1984。
    4. Albrecht Herport 著,周學普譯,《臺灣旅行記》,收入臺灣銀行經濟研究室編,《臺灣經濟史三集》,臺北︰臺灣銀行,1956,頁112-127。
    5. Albrecht Wirth 著,周學普譯,《臺灣之歷史 (Geschichte Formosa's bis Anfang)》,收入臺灣銀行經濟研究室編,《臺灣經濟史三集》(臺北︰臺灣銀行,1956),頁1-84。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 莊勝全(2009)。萬文遙寄海一方—清帝國對臺灣的書寫與認識。臺灣師範大學臺灣史研究所學位論文。2009。1-254。
    2. 謝宗佑(2018)。民變、豪強與官府:十九世紀臺灣林萬掌家族的發展。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2018。1-118。
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