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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 13 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.章志昇,(2001),台北地區高爾夫球場消費者行為之研究,碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所.
  2. 參 考 文 獻
  3. 1.王仁勇,(1992),高爾夫會員證購費行為及投資策略之研究,碩士論文,中興大學企業管理研究所.
  4. 2.行政院體委會,(2005),九十四年體育統計:行政院體委會。
  5. 3.李銘輝,(1989),台灣北部地區觀光遊憩需求行為之研究,博士論文,私立中國文化大學地理學研究所.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡蕙蓉(2010)。臺灣地區高爾夫球桿出口定價之研究。淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-59。 
  2. 陳俊育(2009)。新產品研發輔助管理系統之設計與實作。中原大學機械工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-120。 
  3. 劉鍾錡(2007)。高爾夫專業化程度對中老年人健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-96。
  4. 王子文(2008)。高爾夫球動作應用指導分析系統之需求分析。臺北大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-105。
  5. 廖耕莘(2010)。以資源基礎理論探討高爾夫練習場經營關鍵成功因素。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-94。
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