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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 196 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] J. S. W. Chien, “Polyacetylene: Chemistry, Physics, and Material Science”, Academic Press, Orlando (1984).
  2. [4] J. Gmeiner, S. Karg, M. Meier, W. Rieβ, P. Strohriegl, M. Schwoere, “Synthesis, electrical conductivity and electroluminescence of poly(p-phenylene vinylene) prepared by the precursor route”, Acta. Polymer. 44 (1993) 201.
  3. [5] G. Gustafsson, Y. Cao, G. M. Treacy, F. Klavetter, N. Colaneri, A. J. Hegger, “Flexible light-emitting diodes made from soluble conducting polymer” Nature, 357 (1992) 477.
  4. [6] N. C. Greenham, S. C. Moratti, D. D. C. Bradley, R. H. Friend and A. B. Holms, “Efficient light-emitting diodes based on polymers with high electron affinities” Nature, 365 (1993) 628.
  5. [8] C. Kittel, “Introduction to Solid State Physics”, 6th edition, John Wiley & Son, Singapore (1986).
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭安恩(2007)。對位苯系高分子之結構與光電行為的關係以及單一共軛高分子鏈的構形之研究。清華大學化學工程學系學位論文。2007。1-90。
  2. 蔡佳霖(2009)。白光高分子發光二極體之研究。清華大學化學工程學系學位論文。2009。1-119。
  3. 任慈浩(2009)。高分子發光二極體中激發態能量的探討:共軛高分子發光二極體中單重態激子對三重態激子比值的量測與抑制磷光發光二極體中磷光染料三重態激子的淬熄。清華大學化學工程學系學位論文。2009。1-141。
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