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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 302 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1996彰基百週年紀念特刊。彰化:彰化基督教醫院。
    2. 台灣基督長老教會總會
    3. 1989 基督教與台灣醫療衛生的現代化:以彰化基督教醫院為中心之探討(1896-1936)。台北:台灣師範大學歷史研究所。
    4. 1980 台灣基督長老教會馬偕紀念醫院創設100週年紀念冊。台北:馬偕紀念醫院。
    5. 1985a寧願燒盡:台灣基督長老教會馬偕紀念醫院創設105週年紀念冊。台北:馬偕紀念醫院。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 賈鴻奎(2009)。臺灣省級議事機關組織變遷之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2009。1-371。 
    2. 黃丞志(2015)。探討命理師的培訓方式與執業標準—以台北及新竹地區執業命理師為例。清華大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-47。 
    3. 羅振瑞(2008)。醫療產業後勤個案研究以盛弘醫藥股份有限公司為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-85。
    4. 趙英之(2011)。從傳教到醫療企業化-桃園天主教聖保祿醫院之研究(1960-1999)。中央大學歷史研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-212。
    5. 呂容蟬(2013)。台灣眼科診所經營策略之探討。中正大學高階主管管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-73。
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