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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Arvesen, J. N. (1969). “Jackknifing U-Statistics”. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 2076-2100.
    2. Basharin, G. P. (1959). “On a Statistical Estimate for the Entropy of a Sequence of Independent Random Variable”. Theory of Probability and Its Applications, Vol4, pp.333-336
    3. Efron, B. (1979). “Bootstrap Methods Another Look at the Jackknife”. The Annals of Statistics, Vol.7, No.1, pp. 1-26.
    4. Good, I.J. (1953). “The Population Frequencies of Species and the Estimation of Population Parameters”. Biometrika, Vol.40, pp. 237-264.
    5. Henry S. Horn. (1966). “Measurement of Overlap in Comparative Ecological Studies” .The American Naturalist, Vol. 100, No. 914 , pp. 419-424.
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李建璋(2008)。運動員心理技能之研究。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-121。 
    2. 張喬安(2017)。景觀環境生物多樣性對感知自然度、偏好與注意力恢復力之影響。臺灣大學 園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2017。1-106。 
    3. 李國煜(2010)。利用台灣生態水文指標推估魚類生態特性。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2010。1-85。 
    4. 劉倩(2011)。音樂介入對射擊運動表現之影響。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-51。
    5. 陳怡婷(2011)。優秀桌球選手最佳運動表現的心理狀態及來源。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-65。
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