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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3.Tang, C. W.; VanSlyke, S. A. Appl. Phys. Lett. 1987, 51, 913.
    2. 6.N. J. Turro, Modern Molecular Photochemistry, University Science Book, CA, 1991
    3. 7.T. Forster. Disc. Faraday Soc. 1959, 27, 7
    4. 8.D. L. Dexter. J. Chem. Phys. 1953, 21, 836
    5. 10.Text book of Basic Optics.
    Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
    1. 祝敬華(2009)。工作特性對創新行為之影響─以家長式領導為調節變數。元智大學領導研究所學位論文。2009。1-69。 
    2. 陳令飛(2013)。國立高雄師範大學太極龜籃球隊運動團隊文化研究。高雄師範大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-128。 
    3. 許如光(2014)。澎湖縣國民小學運動代表隊教練家長式領導與團隊凝聚力之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2014。1-156。 
    4. 林俊延(2011)。家長式教練領導與同儕領導對團隊凝聚力和團隊效能之關係。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-83。 
    5. 黃鈴雯(Ling-Wen Huang);廖主民(Chu-Min Liao);楊証惠(Cheng-Hui Yang)(2013)。運動員公平知覺量表之中文化與修訂─以組織公平為基礎。體育學報。46(4)。407-427。 
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