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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.Sloan, R. W. (1982) Hyperuricemia and gout, J Fam Pract 14, 923-926, 930-921, 934.
  2. 4.Martinon, F., Petrilli, V., Mayor, A., Tardivel, A., and Tschopp, J. (2006) Gout-associated uric acid crystals activate the NALP3 inflammasome, Nature 440, 237-241.
  3. 5.Mazzali, M., Hughes, J., Kim, Y. G., Jefferson, J. A., Kang, D. H., Gordon, K. L., Lan, H. Y., Kivlighn, S., and Johnson, R. J. (2001) Elevated uric acid increases blood pressure in the rat by a novel crystal-independent mechanism, Hypertension 38, 1101-1106.
  4. 6.Khan, S. R. (2004) Crystal-induced inflammation of the kidneys: results from human studies, animal models, and tissue-culture studies, Clin Exp Nephrol 8, 75-88.
  5. 7.Guerreiro, S., Ponceau, A., Toulorge, D., Martin, E., Alvarez-Fischer, D., Hirsch, E. C., and Michel, P. P. (2009) Protection of midbrain dopaminergic neurons by the end-product of purine metabolism uric acid: potentiation by low-level depolarization, J Neurochem 109, 1118-1128.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陶良榆(2011)。葉下珠之萃取成分可抑制黃嘌呤氧化酶以及降低大鼠血液中的尿酸。清華大學生物科技研究所學位論文。2011。1-43。 
  2. 陳韻安(2012)。龍眼花、殼、種子、葉與枝椏萃取物之降尿酸研究。臺灣大學獸醫學研究所學位論文。2012。1-86。 
  3. 羅雪茹(2011)。科技商品與文化創意結合之行銷策略-隨身碟產品個案探討。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-94。
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