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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李丁讚、林文源,2000,〈社會力的文化根源:論台灣環境權感受的歷史形成;1970-86〉, 《台灣社會研究季刊》, 第三十八期,頁133-206。
    2. 李丁讚、林文源,2003,〈社會力的轉化:台灣環保抗爭的組織技術〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》, 第五十二期,頁57-119。
    3. 吳介民、李丁讚,2005,〈傳遞共通感受:林合社區公共領域修辭模式的分析〉,《台灣社會學》,第9期,頁119-163。
    4. 邱若堯,2007,《視障者參與盲人棒球阻礙因素之研究》。台中:亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士論文。
    5. 林文源,2007,〈論行動者網絡理論的行動本體論〉,《科技、醫療與社會》,第四期。
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