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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] AMS Collaboration, ”AMS Days at CERN” and Latest Results from the AMS Experiment on the International Space Station, AMS Days at CERN (2015).
  2. [14] L. Accardo et al. (AMS), Phys.Rev.Lett. 113, 121101 (2014).
  3. [15] J. Beringer et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys.Rev. D86, 010001 (2012).
  4. [18] C.-Q. Geng, D. Huang, and L.-H. Tsai, Phys.Rev. D89, 055021 (2014), arXiv:1312.0366 [hep-ph].
  5. [1] O. Adriani et al. (PAMELA), Phys.Rev.Lett. 105, 121101 (2010), arXiv:1007.0821 [astro-ph.HE].
Times Cited (22) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何旻潔(2012)。新北市國民小學教師對教學技術變革的壓力知覺及其專業調適之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-184。 
  2. 吳素如(2008)。新竹地區課後托育教師專業能力與角色知覺之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-113。 
  3. 蔣佩璇(2012)。國中地理科Google Earth應用評量設計之研究 ~以「位置與範圍」和「地形」兩單元為例。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-282。 
  4. 吳怡瑾(2011)。國中生學習科目神馳經驗與學業成績相關之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-173。 
  5. 陳美華(2009)。「問題本位學習」對國二學生數學學習態度 與數學學習策略之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-201。 
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