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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Mohassel, Ramyar Rashed, et al. ”A survey on advanced metering infrastructure.” International Journal of Eletrical Power & Energy Systems 63 (2014): 473-484.
  2. [2] Bing He, Bin Xie, and Dharma P. Agrawal. ”Optimizing the internet gateway deployment in a wireless mesh network.” Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems, 2007. MASS 2007. IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2007.
  3. [3] Maolin, T. A. N. G. ”Gateways placement in backbone wireless mesh networks.” International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences 2.01 (2009): 44.
  4. [4] Wong, Jennifer L., Roozbeh Jafari, and Miodrag Potkonjak. ”Gateway placement for latency and energy efficient data aggregation [wireless sensor networks].” Local Computer Networks, 2004. 29th Annual IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2004.
  5. [5] Wang, Junfang, et al. ”Efficient mesh router placement in wireless mesh networks.” Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems, 2007. MASS 2007. IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2007.
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