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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2. Blackmore, I. J.; Bridgeman, A. J.; Harris, M. A.; Holdaway, M. A.; Rooms, J. F.; Thompson, E. L.; Young, N. A. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 6746-6750.
    2. 3. Pyykkö, P. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2003, 42, 4442-4454.
    3. 4. Michelet, V.; Toullec, P. Y.; Genêt, J.-P. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 2-50. and references therein.
    4. 10. McDonald, F. E.; Schultz, C. C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 9363.
    5. 11. Molinaro, C.; Jamison, T. F. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 8076.
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王立全(2012)。兒童體感互動遊戲設計之研究與創作–以Kinect遊戲為例。臺北科技大學互動媒體設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-117。 
    2. 鄭紹辰(2002)。隱喻使用與國中學生對科學文本閱讀理解之相關性的探討--以「聖嬰現象」為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2002。1-104。
    3. 邱昭賢(2006)。臺北市立國民中學自然與生活科技領域教師教學困擾之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-141。
    4. 黃瑞鳳(2008)。STS模組教學對國中社團學生科學概念學習之研究以植物染膠體溶液為例。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-140。
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