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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 174 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 柯澤東,「環境法論(二)」,自版,1995年。
    2. 陳慈陽,「環境法總論」,元照出版有限公司,2003年修訂二版。
    3. 范建得、戴華,生物技術對倫理、法律與社會的影響及妥善的因應策略,國家政策季刊第3期,頁125-178,2004年9月。
    4. 李科逸,「英國促進環境科技研發相關措施之淺析」,科技法律透析,頁20-24,2006年12月。
    5. 李昂杰、陳郁庭,「奈米科技對於健康之危害及法律對策-以我國既有法規之檢視與調適為中心」,科技法律透析,頁20-39,2005年12月。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳鵬元(2011)。奈米藥品上市管制與藥品安全論。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2011。1-136。 
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