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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 389 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Ann Laura Stoler, Carnal knowledge and imperial power: race and the intimate in colonial rule (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002).
    2. David R. Ambaras, Bad Youth-: Juvenile Delinquency and the Politics of Everyday Life in Modern Japan (Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press, 2006).
    3. Frank Diktter, Crime Punishment and the Prison in Modern China (Hong Kong: University Press, 2002).
    4. Michel Foucault , Discipline and punish:the birth of the prison , translated from the French by Alan Sheridan,( New York:Pantheon Books, 1977).
    5. Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, Vol. 1: An Introduction (New York: Vintage, 1990).
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李屹(2012)。「同志」的誕生:概念史視角下行為語意朝認同語意之轉型。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2012。1-166。 
    2. 賴瑞芬(2010)。應用類神經網路建構女性骨質密度預測模式。臺北醫學大學醫學資訊研究所學位論文。2010。1-52。
    3. 孫苑芬(2011)。從誠正中學檔案看我國少年矯正教育之變遷。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2011。1-106。
    4. 林政佑(2011)。日治時期臺灣監獄制度與實踐。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-219。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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