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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 278 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 7. 財團法人生物技術開發中心,生物技術產業年鑑2003。
    2. 8. 財團法人生物技術開發中心,生物技術產業年鑑2005。
    3. 5. 孫小萍,我國專利法及藥事法上試驗例外之研究,政大智慧財產
    4. 7. 陳文吟,探討因應醫藥品專利之合理措施,中正大學法學集刊第8
    5. 10.黃慧□,論製藥產業研發活動試驗免責之適用-以美國法院之相關
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃鈴雅(2013)。醫藥領域商業賄賂行為之可罰性與防制政策。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2013。1-170。 
    2. 高詠文(2009)。組合藥品可專利性要件之探討:以我國第592696號專利為例。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-118。
    3. 廖柏豪(2013)。論專利連結與資料保護對我國醫藥產業之影響。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2013。1-117。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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