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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.李震山,〈政府資訊公開法與資訊隱私權保障〉,《研考雙月刊》第31卷第3期(2007)。
  2. 4.李震山,〈政府資訊公開法與資訊隱私權保障〉,研考雙月刊,第31卷第3期(2007)。
  3. 5.李震山,「電腦處理個人資料保護法」之回顧與前瞻〉,《國立中正大學法學集刊》,第14期(2004)。
  4. 9.湯德宗,〈政府資訊公開法比較評析〉,《國立台灣大學法學叢論》第35卷第6期(2007)
  5. 4.李震山,〈資訊時代下資訊權入憲之芻議〉,《律師雜誌》,第307期(2005)。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳薪智(2012)。由風險治理之觀點論電子病歷決策。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-191。 
  2. 林丁財(2009)。RFID技術應用在校園之探討-以高職為例。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2009。1-85。
  3. 施明賢(2011)。論雲端運算服務的資訊安全法律議題—以隱私保護為中心。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2011。1-122。
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