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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 249 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 牛惠之、雷文玫,生物科技發展脈絡下之胚胎議題--一個法規範穩定思維的觀點,律師雜誌,第285期,民國92年6月。
  2. 江瑞祥,審議民主與民主審議,臺灣民主季刊第三卷第三期,2006.09。
  3. 何包鋼,哈伯瑪斯的溝通理性觀述評,中山人文社會科學期刊,第十卷第二期,民國91年12月。
  4. 何建志,反反胚胎商品化的一些法律論證,律師雜誌,第285期,民國92年6月。
  5. 李士傑,Web 2.0 與公共參與,研考雙月刊31卷3期,2007年6月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宜卿(2010)。公民參與的機會與挑戰—台灣審議民主制度化之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-168。 
  2. 曾于瑄(2012)。環境法制中的民眾參與-以審議式民主角度檢視。成功大學法律學系學位論文。2012。1-152。
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