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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅明通(2004) ,著作權法論, 台英國際商務法律事務所。
  2. 蕭雄淋(2005) ,著作權法論, 五南出版社。
  3. 謝銘洋等( 2005), 著作權法解讀, 元照出版社。
  4. 小泉修( 2007) ,學會程式設計的原理與技術, 周明憲譯, 博碩文化。
  5. 賴文智,王文君( 2007), 數位著作權法, 益思科技法律事務所。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭彥植(2010)。自由軟體授權中適用於軟體結合之研究 - 以GNU通用公共授權第三版(GPLv3)為中心。中興大學法律學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-222。 
  2. 彭兆璋(2009)。電腦程式與開放原始碼之著作權問題。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2009。1-134。 
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