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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 13 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [6] Rabiner, L. R. (1989). “A Tutorial on Hidden Markov Models and Selected Ap-plications in Speech Recognition,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol.77, No.2, pp.257-286, 1989
  2. [10] 林千翔,張嘉惠,“基於特製隱藏式馬可夫模型之中文斷詞研究”,國立中央大學資訊工程學系碩士論文,民95年。
  3. [1] Chen K. J. And S. H. Liu, (1992). “Word Identification for Mandarin Chinese Sen-tences,” Proceeding of COLING-92, 14th Int. Conf. On Computational Linguistics, pp. 101-107, 1992.
  4. [2] Fan, C. K. and W. H. Tsai, (1988). “Automatic Word Identification in Chinese Sen-tences by the Relaxation Technique,” Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 33-56, 1988.
  5. [3] Kim, J. D., S. Z. Lee and H. C. Rim. (1999). “HMM Specialization with Selec-tive Lexicalization.” In Proceedings of the join SIGDAT Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Very Large Corpora (EMNLP-VLC-99), pp. 121-127, 1999
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張家銘(2011)。利用混合式分群基因演算法解決台語文轉音系統中一詞多音的問題。中興大學資訊科學與工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-60。 
  2. 張問賢(2008)。以音斷詞與注音轉漢字。清華大學統計學研究所學位論文。2008。1-41。
  3. 羅郁仁(2011)。中文專利指標及文字探勘之研究。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-73。
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