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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] D. Agrafiotis, D. R. Bull, C. N. Canagarajah, “Enhanced Error Concealment With Mode Selection,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology , vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 960 – 973, 2006.
  2. [4] K. Donghyung, Y. Siyoung, J. Jechang, “A new temporal error concealment method for H.264 using adaptive block sizes”, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, vol. 3, no.3, pp. 928-931, Sept. 2005.
  3. [5] E. El Khamy, M. A. Qabel, “A New Hybrid Classification-Based Adaptive Error Concealment Technique for Image Transmission through Wireless Communication Channels,” National Radio Science Conference,pp. 1-9, 13-15 March 2007.
  4. [6] Yan Chen, Oscar Au, Jiantao Zhou, Chi-Wang Ho, “Adaptively Switching Between Directional Interpolation and Region Matching for Spatial Error Concealment Based on DCT Coefficients,” IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, Page(s):805 – 808, July 2006.
  5. [7] Zhang Rongfu, Zhou Yuanhua and Huang Xiaodong, “Content-adaptive spatial error concealment for video communication,” , IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, Volume 50, Issue 1, Page(s):335 – 341, Feb. 2004.
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