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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. [1] 林明獻,“太陽能電池技術入門”,全華圖書股份有限公司,2009
    2. [2] D.M. Chapin, C.S. Fuller, and G.L. Pearson, “A new silicon p-n junction photocell for converting solar radiation into electrical power,” J.Appl. Phys., vol. 25, pp. 676-677, 1954
    3. [3] William Sockley, and Hans J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” J.Appl. Phys., vol. 32, pp. 510-519, 1961.
    4. [6] Valentin D. Mihailetchi, Yuji Komatsu, and L. J. Geerligs, “Nitric acid pretreatment for the passivation of boron emitters for n-type base silicon solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 92, 2008.
    5. [8] Y. Inomata, K. Fukui, K. Shirasawa, “Surface texturing of large area multicrystalline silicon solar cells using reactive ion etching method,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 48, pp. 237-242, 1997.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 閻中原(2006)。中草藥研發技術平台的效益實證。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2006。1-105。 
    2. 童文銘(2009)。卓蘭地區高齡果農其健康情形與用藥行為之探討。亞洲大學生物資訊學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-139。
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