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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 8. Xue, X.; Scott, L. T. Org. Lett. 2007, 9, 3937.
    2. 9. Shimizu, M.; Nagao, I.; Tomioka, Y.; Hiyama, T. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 8096.
    3. 10. Collins, S. K.; Grandbois, A.; Vachon, M. P.; Côté, J. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 2923.
    4. 12. Dubois, F.; Gingras, M. Tetrahedron Lett. 1998, 39, 5039.
    5. 14. Merlic, C.A; Pauly, M, E. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 11319.
    Times Cited (89) 〈TOP〉
    1. 禹金塗(2009)。內部控制制度、內部稽核人員角色與企業舞弊行為關連性之研究。淡江大學全球華商經營管理數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-91。 
    2. 黃達彰(2009)。工作專業性與主從信任關係對員工的領導行為認知與工作滿意度影響之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-139。 
    3. 葉書瑋(2009)。中小學職前教師在服務學習中專業成長的歷程─以淡江大學教學服務團為例。淡江大學高等教育研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-164。 
    4. 何治萱(2009)。從書院教育到公學校教育:清末到日治時期苗栗地方社會的變遷。交通大學客家社會與文化碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-127。 
    5. 林長義(2012)。臺北市私立高級中等學校導師人格特質對領導行為與班級經營效能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-205。 
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