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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 224 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仕圖、趙善如、許慧麗,2011,〈地方政府與民間團體在災後社區重建互動關係之探究: 以屏東縣政府之莫拉克風災社區參與重建計畫爲例〉。《台灣社區工作與社區研究學刊》1(2):59-94。
  2. 王金壽,2004a,〈瓦解中的地方派系:以屏東為例〉。《臺灣社會學》第7期:117-207。
  3. 王金壽,2004b,〈重返風芒縣:國民黨選舉機器的成功與失敗〉。《台灣政治學刊》8(1):99-146。
  4. 古學斌,2006,〈否定政府/重建村莊:中國大陸梅縣客家地區自發社區組織的形成〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》第66期:195-229。
  5. 江大樹、張力亞,2008,〈社區營造中組織信任的機制建構:以桃米生態村為例〉。《東吳政治學報》26(1):87-142。
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