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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Annibali, S., Bignozzi, I., Cristalli, M. P., Graziani, F., La Monaca, G., and Polimeni, A. (2012) “Peri-implant marginal bone level: a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing platform switching versus conventionally restored implants,” Journal of clinical periodontology, Volume 39, Issue 11, pp. 1097-1133.
  2. 2. APA Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards (2008) “Reporting standards for research in psychology: Why do we need them? What might they be?” American Psychologist, Volume 63, Issue 9, pp. 839-851.
  3. 3. Atieh, M. A., Ibrahim, H. M., and Atieh, A. H. (2010) “Platform switching for marginal bone preservation around dental implants: a systematic review and meta-analysis.” Journal of Periodontology, Volume 81, Issue 10, pp. 1350-1366.
  4. 5. Borenstein, M., Hedges, L., Higgins, J., and Rothstein, H. (2005) Comprehensive Meta-analysis Version 2, Biostat, Englewood NJ.
  5. 6. Brandow, R., Mitze, K., Rau, L. F. (1995) “Automatic condensation of electronic publications by sentence selection.” Information Processing & Management, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp. 675-685.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳培填(2014)。牙科患者對植牙選擇與否之研究-以某牙醫診所為例。成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2014。1-63。 
  2. 董咨均(2015)。以本體論為架構結合商業流程與專利佈局的策略性研發專利分析。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2015。1-62。
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