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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 49. 劉北成等譯、傅柯(Michel Foucault)著,《規訓與懲罰》;北京:三聯書局,第5版,2007年4月。
    2. 8. 貝淡寧(Daniel A. Bell),《社群主義對自由主義的批判》,政治科學論叢,第23期,頁1-45。
    3. 14. 許恒達,《「實體真實發現主義」之知識形構與概念考古-以中世紀至現代初期之德國型式程序發展史為中心》,政大法學評論,民97年2月,頁137-192。
    4. 16. 許恒達,《「行為非價」與「結果非價」——論刑事不法概念的實質內涵》,政大法學評論,第114卷,2010年4月,頁215-300。
    5. 21. 陳志龍,《法益持有者之法益保護放棄處分權(上)》,臺大法學論叢,第19:1期,1989年12月,頁179-223。
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