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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] N. V. Yastrebova, “High-efficiency multi-junction solar cells: Current status and future potential”, Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, 2007.
  2. [6] C. M. Fetzer, X. Q. Liu, J. Chang, W. Hong, A. Palmer, D. Bhusari, B. Jun, M. Lau, H. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth 352 (2011) 181-185.
  3. [9] G. S. Kinsey, P. Pien, P. Hebert, R. A. Sherif, Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93 (2009) 950-951.
  4. [12] D. Macdonald, A. Cuevas, F. Ferrazza, Solid-State Electronics 43 (1999) 575-581.
  5. [13] I. Rey-Stolle, C. Algora, 17th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC), 2001, 2223-2226.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瑞敏(2014)。升學與就業導向高中職軍訓教官專業發展之個案研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-148。 
  2. 駱怡君(2012)。國中導師班級經營反思現況之研究。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-114。 
  3. 蘇昭芬(2014)。整合科學閱讀及寫作於國小自然科教學對學生自然科學習成就之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-205。 
  4. 陳玲芝(2012)。一個教學反思模式對國小自然科教師PCK之探討。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-174。 
  5. 黃詩雯(2009)。運用Shulman教學推理模式發展國小數學教師PCK之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-195。 
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