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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何宇軒,著作財產權限制之研究:以新聞報導對著作之使用為中心,致知學術出版,2013年9月。
  2. 謝銘洋,智慧財產權法,元照,2008,初版。
  3. 章忠信,兩岸著作權法修正發展與初步探討,智慧財產評論第十一卷第二期。
  4. 劉孔中,著作權法宏觀修法之比較研究,智慧財產評論第十一卷第二期,2013。
  5. 蔡明誠,論智慧財產權之類型與其法體系,政大法學評論,第57期,1997年6月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 向民潔(2017)。網路時代著作權授權制度之研究。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-141。 
  2. 林暄庭(2015)。音樂暨錄音著作集體管理之爭議與解決。逢甲大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-167。 
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