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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王惠蘭, 許秀月, & 陳芬如. (2013). 養護機構經營管理者對長期照護保險觀點之研究. 台灣健康照顧研究學刊,(14), 99-125.
  2. 3. 李宗派. (2010). 現代老人問題與公共政策之探討. 臺灣老人保健學刊, 6(2), 95-135.
  3. 5. 林毓, 朱信, 謝佳容, 梁嘉慧, &周桂如. (2009). 臺灣長期照護的服務類型與照護範圍. 源遠護理, 3(2), 30-37.
  4. 6. 許佩蓉, 張俊喜, 林靜宜, 林壽惠, &李世代. (2006). 機構式長期照護綜論. 台灣老年醫學雜誌, 1(4), 198-215.
  5. 8. 黃國哲, 陳怡樺, 張蕙芝, 張維容, 溫信財, &邱瓊萱. (2007). 總額支付制度實施後醫院的適應策略分析. 臺灣公共衛生雜誌, 26(4), 283-291.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉照珍(2016)。醫療自費趨勢與經營探討之研究。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-80。
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