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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 林庭宇,從締約自由之保障檢討我國民法上錯誤之規定,萬國法律,第193期,頁73-89(2014年2月)
  2. 6. 陳洸岳,非對等契約當事人間之資訊提供義務的確立–以日本「金融商品販售法」及UNIDROIT「加盟契約開示義務模範法」為中心,律師雜誌,第293期,頁41-50(2004年2月)
  3. 8. 黃瑞明,立法者奉送的毒蘋果—從「另類觀點」論民法第92條與第93條是錯誤立法,政大法學評論,第142期,頁47-147(2015年9月)
  4. 9. 陳自強,契約錯誤之比較法考察,東吳法律學報,第26卷第4期,頁1-56(2015年4月)
  5. 10. 曾品傑,從當事人屬性看法律行為之規範—以網購業者標錯駕事件為例,中正大學法學叢刊,第32期,頁143-198(2011年1月)
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