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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 244 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] S. Loeb, L. Titelman, E. Korngold, J. Freiman, Effect of porous fabric on osmosis through a Loeb-Sourirajan type asymmetric membrane, J. Membr. Sci. 129 (1997) 243.
  2. [3] Y. B. Guo, F. C. N. Hong, Adhesion improvements for diamond-like carbon films on polycarbonate and polymethylmethacrylate substrates by ion plating with inductively coupled plasma, Diam. Relat. 12 (2003) 946.
  3. [4] O. M. Osiele, D. T. Britton, M. Härting, P. Sperr, M.Topič, S. E. Shaheen, H. M. Branz, Defect structural characterization of organic polymer layers, J. Non-Cryst. 338-340 (2004) 612.
  4. [5] A. S. Gupta, S. Wang, E. Link, E. H. Anderson, C. Hofmann, J. Lewandowski, K. Kottke-Marchant, R. E. Marchant, Glycocalyx-mimetic dextran-modified poly(vinyl amine) surfactant coating reduces platelet adhesion on medical-grade polycarbonate surface, Biomaterials 27 (2007) 3084.
  5. [6] J. Chen, Z. Wu, L. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Sun, Y. Shi, L. Xia, I. Kaetsu, Grafting copolymerization of N,N-dimethylacrylaminoethylmethacrylate (DMAEMA) onto preirradiated polypropylene films, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 76 (2007) 1367.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅映佳(2006)。行政區劃與單一選舉區劃分-以高雄市縣合併為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2006。1-232。
  2. 賴小萍(2010)。行政區劃調整之研究-以新北市行政區域重整為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2010。1-206。
  3. 楊怡真(2018)。縣市合併對行政區空間組織原則與規劃原則之影響-以臺南市佳里區與新營區為例。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2018。1-102。
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